InGaAs/InP

The InGaAs Single-Photon Counter is a module based on InGaAs/InP Single-Photon avalanche Diode (SPAD) for the detection of near-infrared single photons up to 1700 nm. It is available both as a gated module and a free-running one. Download the two different user manuals and data-sheets for specific details on their difference. A standalone module is composed by a :
A Detection Head (DH) which includes the SPAD, a front-end circuit for SPAD biasing and avalanche sensing, a fast circuitry for detector quenching and resetting, and some sub-circuits for signal conditioning. Two types of DH exists, the free running version and the gated mode one.
A Control Unit (CU) which contains the pulse generator (used only with gated mode detection heads), a Peltier controller, a PC communication system and the power supplies needed for biasing correctly the entire module. The same CU is able to control both gated mode and free-running DH.

Users can buy one control unit and different DHs, for example free running or gated, free space or pigtailed and then use the most suitable one for the chosen application.

All the main gate parameters (such as gate width, gate repetition frequency and external/internal trigger) and all the SPAD settings (temperature, excess bias and hold off) are user adjustable, by means of a PC interface. In this way the user is always able to set the best trade off between noise (DCR), detection efficiency (PDE) and timing resolution in order to match the requirements of the different applications. The detection head electronics guarantees a clean temporal response even with fast gate transitions.

At MPD, a technical contact is always available for discussing with customers how to exploit at best the MPD technology in order to obtain the most accurate scientific results from their experimental set-ups.

Main module features:

  • Sensitivity up to 1700 nm
  • Based on InGaAs/InP SPAD (Free space and fibre-pigtailed versions available)
  • Adjustable SPAD parameter (excess bias, temperature and hold-off)
  • Adjustable Gate settings (gate width and frequency, external/external trigger reference) - gate module only
  • Trigger reference up to 133 MHz and gate widths as low as 1.5ns - gate module only
  • Timing jitter down to less than 100 ps FWHM
  • PC software interface

 

Publications

A. Tosi, A. Della Frera, A. Bahgat Shehata, and C. Scarcella, “Fully programmable single-photon detection module for InGaAs∕InP single-photon avalanche diodes with clean and sub-nanosecond gating transitions”, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 83, no. 1, p. 013104, 2012. 


G. Brida, I. P. Degiovanni, M. Genovese, F. Piacentini, P. Traina, A. Della Frera, A. Tosi, A. Bahgat Shehata, C. Scarcella, A. Gulinatti, M. Ghioni, S. V. Polyakov, A. Migdall, and A. Giudice, “An extremely low-noise heralded single-photon source: A breakthrough for quantum technologies,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 101, no. 22, p. 221112, 2012. 

R. T. Horn, P. Kolenderski, D. Kang, P. Abolghasem, C. Scarcella, A. D. Frera, A. Tosi, L. G. Helt, S. V. Zhukovsky, J. E. Sipe, G. Weihs, A. S. Helmy, and T. Jennewein, “Inherent polarization entanglement generated from a monolithic semiconductor chip,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, Jul. 2013.

A. McCarthy, X. Ren, A. Della Frera, N. R. Gemmell, N. J. Krichel, C. Scarcella, A. Ruggeri, A. Tosi, and G. S. Buller, “Kilometer-range depth imaging at 1550 nm wavelength using an InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche diode detector” Optics Express, vol. 21, no. 19, p. 22098, 2013.

M. Davanço, J. R. Ong, A. B. Shehata, A. Tosi, I. Agha, S. Assefa, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, S. Mookherjea, and K. Srinivasan, “Telecommunications-band heralded single photons from a silicon nanophotonic chip,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 100, no. 26, p. 261104, 2012.

I. Bargigia, A. Tosi, A. B. Shehata, A. D. Frera, A. Farina, A. Bassi, P. Taroni, A. D. Mora, F. Zappa, R. Cubeddu, and A. Pifferi, “Time-Resolved Diffuse Optical Spectroscopy up to 1700 nm by Means of a Time-Gated InGaAs/InP Single-Photon Avalanche Diode” appl spectrosc, vol. 66, no. 8, pp. 944–950, Aug. 2012.

M. C. Weidman, M. E. Beck, R. S. Hoffman, F. Prins, and W. A. Tisdale, “Monodisperse, Air-Stable PbS Nanocrystals via Precursor Stoichiometry Control,” ACS Nano, 2014.